Adam Elsheimer (1578-1610) was a German painter of the late Renaissance period. He was born in Frankfurt and later moved to Rome, where he spent the majority of his career. Elsheimer is known for his small-scale paintings that feature intricate detail and luminous effects.

Elsheimer's style was influenced by the artists of the Mannerist and Baroque periods. He was particularly inspired by the works of Caravaggio, whose use of light and shadow had a significant impact on Elsheimer's own compositions. Elsheimer's paintings often depicted religious and mythological subjects, landscapes, and nocturnal scenes.

One of his most famous works is "The Flight into Egypt," painted around 1609. This painting showcases Elsheimer's mastery of light and shadow, as well as his ability to create a sense of depth and atmosphere. It depicts the biblical scene of Mary, Joseph, and the baby Jesus fleeing to Egypt to escape King Herod's massacre of the innocents.

Although Elsheimer's career was short-lived—he died at the age of 32—his work had a lasting impact on later artists. His innovative use of light and his attention to detail influenced painters such as Rembrandt and Peter Paul Rubens. Elsheimer's works are characterized by their exquisite craftsmanship and the imaginative way in which he combined naturalistic elements with fantastical elements.

Adam Elsheimer's contributions to the art world, though relatively brief, continue to be appreciated and studied today. His innovative techniques and attention to detail have secured his place as an influential figure in the development of Baroque painting.